Elemental Economics

Economics of Biotechnology

Bioresource Policy, Business & Economics 292

The Economics of Biotechnology


As of August 2008

© Harry Hillman Chartrand

Compiler Press, 2008


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Arora, A. and Gamardella, A., "Complimentarity and External Linkages: The Strategies of the Large Firms in Biotechnology", The Journal of Industrial Economics, Volume 38, No. 4, June 1990, pp. 361-379 (extract).

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Austin, D. H. "An Event-Study Approach to Measuring Innovative Output: The Case of Biotechnology." American Economic Review, May 1993, 83 (2), 253-258.

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Chartrand, H.H., Enframing the World II: Design for a Philosophy of Biotechnology, Biotech & Society Seminar Series, Virtual College of Biotechnology, USASK, Oct. 25, 2005.

Chartrand, H.H., Ideological Evolution: The Competitiveness of Nations in a Global Knowledge-Based Economy, PhD Dissertation, University of Saskatchewan, July 2006.

Cohen, B.R., “Marjorie Grene: An Interview”, The Believer, June 2005.

Conference Board of Canada, Biotechnology in Canada: A Technology Platform for Growth, Ottawa, December 2005.

Cowan, R., David P.A. & Foray, D, ”The Explicit Economics of Knowledge: Codifcation and Tacitness”, Industrial and Corporate Change, 9 (2), 2000, 211-253.

Deftos, L.J., “Patenting Life: The Harvard Mouse that Has Not Roared”, The Scientist 14[23]:6, Nov. 27, 2000.

DeGregori , T.R., “The Plant Protection Racket”, Butterflies and Wheels, 2003.

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Economist, The biology of art, The Economist, April 3, 1999, 69-71.

Economist, Survey: Biotechnology, May 2003

Part I: Climbing the helical staircase

Part II: Cluster Analysis

Part III: A Voyage of Discovery

Part IV: Platform Tickets

Part V: Planting a Seed

Part VI: Pharming Today

Part VII: Reinventing Yesterday

Part VIII: The Bugs of War

Part IX: Man and Superman

Part X: Sources

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Ernst & Young, The Economic Contribution of the Biotechnology Industry to the U.S. Economy, BIO, 2000.

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Gaisford, E., Hobbes, J.E. et al, The Economics of Biotechnology - Chapter 1: What is Biotechnology, Edward Elgar 2001, extract 1-7.

Gaisford, E., Hobbes, J.E. et al, The Economics of Biotechnology - Chapter 8: Economics and the Future of Biotechnology, Edward Elgar 2001, 223-229.

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Grene M., On Some Distinctions Between Men and Brutes, Ethics, 57 (2), Jan. 1947, 121-127.

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Grene M.,& Depew, D., The Philosophy of Biology: An Episodic History, Chapter 11: Biology and Human Nature, Cambridge University Press, 2004. 

Grene M.,& Depew, D., The Philosophy of Biology: An Episodic History, Chapter 12: The Philosophy of Biology and the Philosophy of Science, Cambridge University Press, 2004. 

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Howard, K., "The Bioinformatics Gold Rush", Scientific American, July 2000:

Part I

Part II

Part III

Part IV

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Kalaitzandonakes, N., “Why does biotech regulation differ so much between the US and EU?”, AgBioForum, 3(2&3), 75-76, 2000.

Katz, S. B.,. “Language and persuasion in biotechnology communication with the public: How to not say what you're not going to not say and not say it”, AgBioForum, 4(2), 93-97, 2001.

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Lovgren, S., Computer Made from DNA and Enzymes, National Geographic News, February 24, 2003.

National Research Council, Opportunities in Biotechnology for Future Army Applications, Washington, 2001.

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OECD, National Innovation Systems, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris, 1997.

OECD, Biotechnology, 2007.

Osterholm, M.T., Preparing for the Next Pandemic, Foreign Affairs, July/August 2005.

Phillips, P. & Khachatourians, G.G., The Biotechnology Revolution in Global Agriculture: Invention, Innovation and Investment in the Canola Sector, CABI Publishing, 2001.

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Research & Analysis Team, Economic Profile of the Canadian Biotechnology Sector, Life Sciences Branch, Industry Canada, Ottawa, March 31, 2000.

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Ridley, M., Genome: The Autobiography of a Species in 23 Chapters: Preface and Chapter 1: Life, HarperCollins, NYC, 1999.

Samuels, W.J., “The Physiocratic Theory of Economic Policy”, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 76(1), February 1962, 145-162.

Silva, J.G.,Copyright Protection Of Biotechnology Works: Into The Dustbin Of History?, Boston College Intellectual Property & Technology Forum, January 28, 2000.

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Shimoda, S., “Agricultural biotechnology: Master of the universe?, AgBioForum, 1(2), 62-68, 1998.

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U.S. Department of Commerce, A Survey of the Use of Biotechnology in U.S. Industry, Washington, October 2003.

Wikipedia, Biotechnology, 2007.

Wolf, S. & Zilberman, D., “Public science, biotechnology, and the industrial organization of agrofood

Zucker, L. G. et al, “Intellectual Capital and the Birth of U.S. Biotechnology Enterprises”, American Economic Review, March 1998, 88 (1), 290-306.